Informace o publikaci

Phenotypic reversion in fas mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana by reintroduction of FAS genes: variable recovery of telomeres with major spatial rearrangements and transcriptional reprogramming of 45S rDNA genes

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PAVLIŠTOVÁ Veronika DVOŘÁČKOVÁ Martina JEŽ Michal MOZGOVÁ Iva MOKROŠ Petr FAJKUS Jiří

Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Plant Journal
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Středoevropský technologický institut

Citace
www http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/tpj.13257/abstract
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13257
Obor Genetika a molekulární biologie
Klíčová slova CHROMATIN ASSEMBLY FACTOR-1; RIBOSOMAL-RNA GENES; DOSAGE CONTROL; FACTOR CAF-1; REPEATS; TRANSFORMATION; RECOMBINATION; MAINTENANCE; DYSFUNCTION; SITES
Popis Arabidopsis thaliana mutants dysfunctional in the evolutionarily conserved protein complex chromatin assembly factor-1 (CAF-1), which deposits the canonical histone H3 variant H3.1 during DNA synthesis-dependent chromatin assembly, display complex phenotypic changes including meristem and growth alterations, sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents, and reduced fertility. We reported previously that mutants in the FAS1 subunit of CAF-1 progressively lose telomere and 45S rDNA repeats. Here we show that multiple aspects of the fas phenotype are recovered immediately on expression of a reintroduced FAS1 allele, and are clearly independent of the recovery of rDNA copy-numbers and telomeres. In reverted lines, 45S rDNA genes are recovered to diverse levels with a strikingly different representation of their variants, and the typical association of nucleolar organizing region 4 with the nucleolus is perturbed. One of 45S rDNA variants (VAR1), which is silenced in wild-type (WT) plants without mutation history (Col-0 WT), dominates the expression pattern, whereas VAR2 is dominant in Col-0 WT plants. We propose an explanation for the variability of telomere and 45S rDNA repeats associated with CAF-1 function, suggesting that the differences in nuclear partitioning and expression of the rDNA variants in fas mutants and their revertants provide a useful experimental system to study genetic and epigenetic factors in gene dosage compensation.
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