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The Structure of Human Parechovirus 1 Reveals an Association of the RNA Genome with the Capsid

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KALYNYCH Sergei PÁLKOVÁ Lenka PLEVKA Pavel

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Středoevropský technologický institut

Citace
www http://jvi.asm.org/content/90/3/1377
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02346-15
Obor Mikrobiologie, virologie
Klíčová slova ELECTRON-DENSITY; HUMAN RHINOVIRUS-14; PICORNAVIRUS GROUP; COXSACKIEVIRUS A9; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE; VP1 PROTEIN; NMR SYSTEM; ENTEROVIRUS; RECEPTOR; INFECTIONS
Popis Parechoviruses are human pathogens that cause diseases ranging from gastrointestinal disorders to encephalitis. Unlike those of most picornaviruses, parechovirus capsids are composed of only three subunits: VP0, VP1, and VP3. Here, we present the structure of a human parechovirus 1 (HPeV-1) virion determined to a resolution of 3.1 angstrom. We found that interactions among pentamers in the HPeV-1 capsid are mediated by the N termini of VP0s, which correspond to the capsid protein VP4 and the N-terminal part of the capsid protein VP2 of other picornaviruses. In order to facilitate delivery of the virus genome into the cytoplasm, the N termini of VP0s have to be released from contacts between pentamers and exposed at the particle surface, resulting in capsid disruption. A hydrophobic pocket, which can be targeted by capsid-binding antiviral compounds in many other picornaviruses, is not present in HPeV-1. However, we found that interactions between the HPeV-1 single-stranded RNA genome and subunits VP1 and VP3 in the virion impose a partial icosahedral ordering on the genome. The residues involved in RNA binding are conserved among all parechoviruses, suggesting a putative role of the genome in virion stability or assembly. Therefore, putative small molecules that could disrupt HPeV RNA-capsid protein interactions could be developed into antiviral inhibitors.