Informace o publikaci

Crystallographic control on lithium isotope fractionation in Archean to Cenozoic lithium-cesium-tantalum pegmatites

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Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Geology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Obor Geochemie
Klíčová slova lithium isotopes; pegmatites; crystallography; continental crust
Popis The age distribution of LCT pegmatites largely overlaps with major phases of collisional orogenic events and assembly of super-continents. Some of the largest known LCT pegmatite deposits formed in very short intervals, 2.7-2.5 and 1.9-1.8 billion years ago (Ga), corresponding to two major pulses of continental crust growth. However, the exact process of generation and segregation of large volumes of Li-bearing pegmatite liquids, perhaps involving disequilibrium fractional crystallization and leaving residual melts enriched in fluxing elements such as B, F, H2O, Li, and P, remains largely obscure. The new data on Li contents and isotope compositions in major mineral phases from temporally and geographically separated pegmatite bodies document extreme variations in d7Li values among individual large LCT pegmatites, in particular Archean occurrences. The observed >10‰ variations in d7Li values for the same mineral phases from different localities (i.e., beryl, petalite, spodumene, lepidolite, amblygonite, muscovite) contrast with globally homogeneous Li isotope systematics of major mineral phases from unmodified mantle rocks. Consistent Li isotope offsets between coexisting mineral phases are best explained by Li isotope fractionation as a function of the bond length between Li and neighboring ions (O, OH, F). We suggest that spatially distinct Li isotope patterns act as fingerprints for different pegmatites and can be explained by the pre-existing Li isotope differences of their crustal sources at the time of pegmatite formation owing to differences in crustal age and evolution. This would imply secular evolution of the continental crust over Earth history toward present-day globally broadly uniform crustal 7Li/6Li ratios (d7Li ~0‰). The differences among Archean occurrences could reflect possible Archean paleogeography and perhaps be linked with different thermal regimes of individual cratons as a consequence of variations in crustal thickness.
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