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The significance of leisure time activities in various population group



Rok publikování 2016
Druh Konferenční abstrakty
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Fakulta sportovních studií

Popis Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among different kinds of population groups. A secondary aim was to determine the level of the leisure-time physical activity performed by these groups. Introduction: This work observes four groups of people who are exposed to different psychological and mental strain in their jobs and who report various physical activities in their leisure time. Methods: A questionnaire was used to determine the level of leisure-time physical activity. The respondents consisted of administrative workers, students and officers/teachers from the Military University of Ground Forces in Vyskov as well as divers who were participating in a 2-month diving course at the Military Academy in Vyskov. Overweight and obesity in respondents determined using BMI. This was supplemented with ten skinfold measurements. The obtained data were statistically evaluated. Results: The BMI of most of the respondents was defined as normal. Only the group of administrative workers were sometimes found to be overweight. The frequency of leisure-time physical activity in administrative workers was found to be almost zero, while students perform on average some kind of physical exercise 3-4 times per week, and officers and divers once or twice per week. Conclusion: Having compared all groups of respondents, we found that administrative workers who perform sedentary jobs, and for whom leisure-time physical activity would be extremely beneficial, perform the least amount of physical exercises of all of the groups. This dilemma could be solved through educational programmes which would highlight the importance of physical activity for human health.

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