Informace o publikaci

A higher-level classification of the Pannonian and western Pontic steppe grasslands (Central and Eastern Europe)

Autoři

WILLNER Wolfgang KUZEMKO Anna DENGLER Jürgen CHYTRÝ Milan BAUER Norbert BECKER Thomas BITA-NICOLAE Claudia BOTTA-DUKÁT Zoltán CARNI Andraz CSIKY Janos IGIC Ruzica KACKI Zygmunt Walerian KOROTCHENKO Iryna KROPF Matthias KRSTIVOJEVIC-CUK Mirjana KRSTONOSIC Daniel REDEI Tamas RUPRECHT Eszter SCHRATT-EHRENDORFER Luise SEMENISHCHENKOV Yuri STANCIC Zvjezdana VASHENYAK Yulia VYNOKUROV Denys JANIŠOVÁ Monika

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Applied Vegetation Science
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
WWW http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/avsc.12265/abstract
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12265
Obor Botanika
Klíčová slova Brometalia erecti; Diagnostic species; Dry grassland; Festucetalia valesiacae; Festuco- Brometea; Galietalia veri; Phytosociology; Stipo-Festucetalia pallentis; Syntaxonomy; TWINSPAN; Vegetation-plot database
Popis Questions: What are the main floristic patterns in the Pannonian and western Pontic steppe grasslands? What are the diagnostic species of the major subdivisions of the class Festuco-Brometea (temperate Euro-Siberian dry and semi-dry grasslands)? - Location: Carpathian Basin (E Austria, SE Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, N Croatia and N Serbia), Ukraine, S Poland and the Bryansk region of WRussia. - Methods: We applied a geographically stratified resampling to a large set of releves containing at least one indicator species of steppe grasslands. The resulting data set of 17 993 releves was classified using the TWINSPAN algorithm.We identified groups of clusters that corresponded to the class Festuco-Brometea. After excluding releves not belonging to our target class, we applied a consensus of three fidelity measures, also taking into account external knowledge, to establish the diagnostic species of the orders of the class. The original TWINSPAN divisionswere revised on the basis of these diagnostic species. - Results: The TWINSPAN classification revealed soilmoisture as themost important environmental factor. Eight out of 16 TWINSPAN groups corresponded to Festuco-Brometea. A total of 80, 32 and 58 species were accepted as diagnostic for the orders Brometalia erecti, Festucetalia valesiacae and Stipo-Festucetalia pallentis, respectively. In the further subdivision of the orders, soil conditions, geographic distribution and altitude could be identified as factors driving the major floristic patterns. - Conclusions: We propose the following classification of the Festuco-Brometea in our study area: (1) Brometalia erecti (semi-dry grasslands) with Scabioso ochroleucae-Poion angustifoliae (steppe meadows of the forest zone of E Europe) and Cirsio- Brachypodion pinnati (meadow steppes on deep soils in the forest-steppe zone of E Central and E Europe); (2) Festucetalia valesiacae (grass steppes) with Festucion valesiacae (grass steppes on less developed soils in the forest-steppe zone of E Central and E Europe) and Stipion lessingianae (grass steppes in the steppe zone); (3) Stipo-Festucetalia pallentis (rocky steppes) with Asplenio septentrionalis-Festucion pallentis (rocky steppes on siliceous and intermediate soils), Bromo-Festucion pallentis (thermophilous rocky steppes on calcareous soils), Diantho-Seslerion (dealpine Sesleria caerulea grasslands of the Western Carpathians) and Seslerion rigidae (dealpine Sesleria rigida grasslands of the Romanian Carpathians).
Související projekty:

Používáte starou verzi internetového prohlížeče. Doporučujeme aktualizovat Váš prohlížeč na nejnovější verzi.

Další info