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Prussian Blue Nanoparticles as a Catalytic Label in a Sandwich Nanozyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

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FARKA Zdeněk ČUNDERLOVÁ Veronika HORÁČKOVÁ Veronika PASTUCHA Matěj MIKUŠOVÁ Zuzana HLAVÁČEK Antonín SKLÁDAL Petr

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Analytical Chemistry
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Středoevropský technologický institut

Citace
WWW https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b04883
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b04883
Klíčová slova Prussian blue nanoparticle; Enzyme biomimic; Bioconjugation; Sandwich immunoassay; Salmonella; Human serum albumin
Popis Enzyme immunoassays are widely used for detection of analytes within various samples. However, enzymes as labels suffer several disadvantages such as high production cost and limited stability. Catalytic nanoparticles (nanozymes) can be used as an alternative label in immunoassays overcoming the inherent disadvantages of enzymes. Prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) are nanozymes composed of the Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3-based coordination polymer. They reveal peroxidase-like activity and are capable of catalyzing the oxidation of colorless 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine in the presence of H2O2 to form intensely blue product. Here, we introduce the method for conjugation of PBNPs with antibodies and their application in nanozyme-linked immunosorbent assay (NLISA). Sandwich NLISA for detection of human serum albumin in urine was developed with limit of detection (LOD) of 1.2 ng·mL–1 and working range up to 1 ug·mL-1. Furthermore, the microbial contamination of Salmonella Typhimurium in powdered milk was detected with LOD of 6 × 10^3 colony-forming units (cfu)·mL-1 and working range up to 10^6 cfu·mL-1. In both cases, a critical comparison with the same immunoassay but using native peroxidase as label was realized. The achieved results confirmed the suitability of PBNPs for universal and robust replacement of enzyme labels.
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