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Present-day stress inversion from a single near-surface fault: A novel mathematical approach

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SOKOL Ľuboš MELICHAR Rostislav BAROŇ Ivo

Rok publikování 2018
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Structural Geology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
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Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2018.09.013
Klíčová slova Stress; Stress inversion; Active faults; Fault displacement
Popis A novel numerical approach enables determining contemporary stress states at a single fault near the ground surface using three dimensional fault displacement data, i.e. displacements that include movement component perpendicular to the fault surface. This approach is restricted to specific near-surface conditions and is based on three assumptions: (i) the near-surface faults contain apertures and the blocks can move in all directions at a submillimetric scale, so the movement is not restricted only to the fault plane; thus the stress vector (traction) acting on the fault surface has the same direction as the fault displacement vector, (ii) the isotropic component of the stress tensor near the ground surface is negligible, and (iii) one of the principal stress orientations must be vertical as being close to the ground surface. These generalizations enable distinct formula simplification and the reduced stress tensor calculation. Input data for the mathematical solution are the orientation of the fault surface (i.e., the down-directed fault surface normal) and the fault displacement (i.e., the vector of the hanging wall displacement). The orientation of the principal stresses and the shape parameter of the stress ellipsoid are the outputs of the method. We demonstrate the approach on a single fault reactivation event on 7 November 2014 in Obir Cave near the Periadriatic Fault in the Eastern Alps.