Informace o publikaci

Vyraženije semantičeskogo subjekta v sovrěmennom russkom i češskom jazykach



Rok publikování 2018
Druh Článek ve sborníku
Konference Aktualnyje problemy obučenija russkomu jazyku XIII
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Pedagogická fakulta

Klíčová slova subject; grammatical agent; sentence structure; one-part sentences; comparative analysis
Popis In modern linguistics the category of the subject is primarily connected with the syntactic plan of the language and serves to identify the producer of the action or the carrier of the feature. It should be borne in mind that in the structure of the sentence, depending on the logical and grammatical features, semantic content, communicative prerequisites, we can distinguish a grammatical and semantic subject. Thus, the category of the subject is represented by a multidimensional syntactic concept integrating different subtypes of the subject, conditioned by a certain asymmetry of meaning and function. The article will focus the attention to the semantic subject and the ways of its implementation in Russian and Czech languages. First of all, we will consider cases of violation of the parallelism of the content plan and the expression plan, that is, those constructions in which the semantic subject and the grammatical subject do not coincide or in which the subject as part of sentence is structurally absent. Examples will be used as an illustrative material from the National Corpus of the Russian language and the Czech National Corpus.