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Formalized classification of semi-dry grasslands in central and eastern Europe

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WILLNER Wolfgang ROLEČEK Jan KOROLYUK Andrey DENGLER Jürgen CHYTRÝ Milan JANIŠOVÁ Monika LENGYEL Attila AĆIĆ Svetlana BECKER Thomas ĆUK Mirjana DEMINA Olga JANDT Ute KACKI Zygmunt KUZEMKO Anna A. KROPF Matthias LEBEDEVA Mariya SEMENISHCHENKOV Yury ŠILC Urban STANČIĆ Zvjezdana STAUDINGER Markus VASSILEV Kiril YAMALOV Sergey

Rok publikování 2019
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Preslia
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
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Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.23855/preslia.2019.025
Klíčová slova Brachypodietalia pinnati; Cirsio-Brachypodion; Festuco-Brometea; meadow steppe; Mesobromion; semi-dry grassland; syntaxonomy; vegetation classification
Popis European semi-dry grasslands are among the most species-rich vegetation types in the northern hemisphere and form an important part of the habitat mosaics in the forest-steppe zone. However. there is no comprehensive evaluation of the variation in their composition and the phytosocio-logical classification of these grasslands. For the syntaxonomic revision, we used a dataset of 34,173 vegetation plot records (releves) from central and eastern Europe. which were assigned to the class Fesiuco-Bromeiea using the diagnostic species listed in the EuroVegChecklist. To determine the diagnostic species of the orders, we used a TWINSPAN classification of the whole dataset. Of the total dataset, 15,449 releves were assigned to the order Brachypodietalia pinnati. which corresponds to semi-dry grasslands. This subset was again classified using TWINSPAN. Formal definitions of the following alliances were established: Mesobromion erecti, Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati (incl. Fragario-Trifolion montani. Agrosiio-Avenulion schellianae, Scabioso ochroleucae-Poion angustifoliae and Adonido vernalis-Stipion iirsae), Scorzonerion villosae and Chrysopogono-Danshonion. Another alliance, Armerion elongatae (=Koelerio-Phleion phleoidis p.p.). is transitional towards the class Koelerio-Corynephoreiea and its status needs further evaluation. We also established formal definitions of all of the associations of Mesobromion and Cirsio-Brachypodion within the area studied. Associations were identified using (i) a TWINSPAN classification of the whole order, (ii) TWINSPAN classifications of regionally restricted data sets (usually all Brachypodietalia plots in one country) and (iii) existing national classification schemes. All formal definitions were written in the expert system language of the JUICE program. To obtain a more complete picture of the floristic similarities and gradients. we performed a DCA ordination of the associations. Our results revealed that meadow steppes in the forest-steppe zone in eastern Europe are very similar to semi-dry grasslands in central Europe.
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