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Possibilities of implementation of oncological prevention in health education in elementary schools in the Czech Republic

Název česky Možnosti implementace onkologické prevence ve výchově ke zdraví na základních školách v České republice
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SLANÁ REISSMANNOVÁ Jitka SMEJKALOVÁ Zdeňka

Druh Článek ve sborníku
Konference 6th SWS International Scientific Conference on Social Sciences 2019 - Education and Educational Research
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Pedagogická fakulta

Citace
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5593/SWS.ISCSS.2019.4
Klíčová slova Oncological diseases;risk factors;prevention; Framework educational programme; textbooks; health education; health literacy; methodological material
Popis Neoplastic diseases are among the most frequent chronic non-communicable diseases. In the Czech Republic, every year over 95,000 malignant tumours are diagnosed and over 25,000 patients die as a result oncological diseases despite the fact that their onset is largely affected by lifestyle. After cardiovascular diseases, neoplastic diseases represent the most frequent cause of death. For this reason, it is very important to know the basic information about this issue in order to prevent the disease and reduce the number of oncological patients. The family and the school play a major role in primary prevention of oncological diseases. Health education is a key subject that can have a major impact on health literacy among the population and reduction of the prevalence of oncological diseases susceptible to lifestyle. The text presents the results of an analysis of a health education textbook and the Framework educational programme for elementary education. It also describes materials that can be used in teaching oncological prevention, but these are designed only for primary school or contain only some topics. The key message of the paper is the presentation of a methodological material aimed at teaching of oncological prevention in lower secondary schools and the partial results of its practical verification.