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Impact of on-track competition on public finances – The case of the Czech Republic

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JANDOVÁ Monika PALETA Tomáš

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Ekonomicko-správní fakulta

Citace
WWW https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2210970619300198?via%3Dihub
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrtpm.2019.100145Get
Klíčová slova On-track competition Railway operations Public budget contributions Public spending efficiency Compensation Czech Republic
Popis This paper aims to assess the budgetary impacts and development of public spending efficiency in the context of on-track competition in the Czech Republic. The paper illustrates what impact the increase of the number of passengers (including passengers entitled to state-imposed discounts on commercial lines) had on public funds, and public spending efficiency as measured by the ratio of public expenditures to rail transport performance. The general results indicate that the situation regarding the budgetary impact is more complex than the original ideas considered. While both the length of subsidised railway lines and the number of subsidised train-kilometres have decreased, the fiscal burden has not dropped but increased as a final consequence. It turns out that an introduction of competition need not result in a reduction in budget entitlements nor an increase in the efficiency of public resources spent. The efficiency of public resources remained unaffected despite the introduction of on-track competition on the main routes.
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