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The Pathosome: A Dynamic Three-Dimensional View of Disease-Environment Interaction

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LENÁRT Peter SCHERINGER Martin DOBROVOLNÁ Julie

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj BIOESSAYS
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
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Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bies.201900014
Klíčová slova disease; environment; health; pathosome; phenotype; preconditioning
Popis Most contemporary models of disease development consider the interaction between genotype and environment as static. The authors argue that because time is a key factor in genotype-environment interaction, this approach oversimplifies the pathology analysis and may lead to wrong conclusions. In reviewing the field, the authors suggest that the history of genotype-environment interactions plays an important role in the development of diseases and that this history may be analyzed using the phenotype as a proxy. Furthermore, a theoretical and experimental framework is proposed based on the assumption that phenotypes do not change from one to another randomly but are interconnected and follow certain phenotype trajectories. It then follows that analysis of such phenotype trajectories might be useful to predict the future phenotypes including the onset of disease. In addition, an analysis of phenotype trajectories can be subsequently used to choose better control subjects in comparative studies reducing noise and bias in studies investigating disease mechanisms.
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