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Strategies of Addressing Higher Powers from Graeco-Roman Antiquity to the Latin Middle Ages



Rok publikování 2020
Druh Další prezentace na konferencích
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Popis The adjuration formula epigraphical documents. Every formula contains a verb of adjuration – in Greek orkizo and its compounds, in Latin adiuro or coniuro – in the first person singular or plural with explicit performative utterance. A direct addressee is always implicitly or explicitly present – syntactically this is the object of the verb of adjuration. By mediation clause, we mean frequent prepositional phrases introduced in Greek typically with kata, and in Latin with per. These are supposed to enhance the adjuration by invoking a higher power or an entity making sure that the direct addressee does what they are commanded to do. The desired effect is simply what the author of the inscription wishes to achieve. Occasionally, the adjuration formula may contain a clause promising rewards for the direct addressee should they produce desired effect – or, alternatively, a punishment or a threat if they fail to do so.
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