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Emerging and expanding streamer head in low-pressure air

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HODER Tomáš BONAVENTURA Zdeněk PRUKNER V. GORDILLO-VAZQUEZ F.J. SIMEK M.

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj PLASMA SOURCES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6595/ab7087
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6595/ab7087
Klíčová slova streamer; electric field; low-pressure air; electron density; blue jet; transient luminous events; ionisation wave
Popis The emergence of a streamer from an ionisation wave and its expansion are ultra-fast processes shaping the very first moments of the streamer development, and are usually accessible only by complex numerical models. In this Letter, we report experimental evidence of the emergence of a streamer from an ionisation wave in 1.3 kPa air, a laboratory analogue of early-stage streamers emerging in geophysical Blue Starters and Jets. The radially and temporally resolved electric field patterns of an expanding streamer are determined by sub-nanosecond optical emission spectroscopy. As the emerged streamer expands, the electric field decreases by a factor of 1.4 in 1 ns. We quantify the radial expansion of the streamer head and its axial acceleration, reaching the velocity of 10(7) m s(-1). In combination with electrical measurements, the transferred charge, electron density, and mean electron energy are quantified, enabling detailed insight into this ultra-fast phenomenon at its characteristic time-scale.
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