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From landscape affordances to landscape connectivity: contextualizing an archaeology of human ecology

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KEMPF Michael

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
Citace
www https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12520-020-01157-4
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-020-01157-4
Klíčová slova Human ecology . Resilience . Vulnerability . Resource assemblages . Perception . Landscape archaeology
Popis To understand the connectivity in human–landscape ecosystems, a multidirectional concept of landscape transformation, sociocultural development, and human response cycles needs to be considered. In this context, societal decision-making is controlled by the ecosystem’s functionality; the human perception, experience, memory, and tradition; and the individual configuration of landscape components: a conceptual framework that is herein referred to as landscape affordances. In contrast to defining environmental components as passive resources, the concept of landscape affordances entails dynamic and processual feedbacks of an individual and the environment in the moment of mutual interaction—thus actively integrating human ingenuity in the production of landscapes, biological processes, and sociocultural patterns. This article contextualizes the concepts of landscape affordances and functional ecosystem connectivity to evaluate human behavioural patterning and the production of landscapes in a methodological landscape archaeological approach.