Informace o publikaci

Silicite axes in Moravia, Czech Silesia and Bohemia

Název česky Silicitové sekery na Moravě, v českém Slezsku a v Čechách


Rok publikování 2020
Druh Odborná kniha
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Popis The work deals with the issue of silicite axes and chisels. In the Czech Republic, they represent a special type of chipped industry, which occurs relatively rarely here. The book presents a set of 380 pieces, of which 116 are from Bohemia, 42 from Czech Silesia and 222 from Moravia. In terms of the raw material used, they were mainly made of silicites from glacigene sediments, to a lesser extent from Polish raw materials (silicite of the Kraków-Częstochowa Jurassic, G-variety, banded silicite of the Krzemionki type and spotted silicites of the Świeciechów type). Silicites of local origin were also used to a negligible extent (chert of Krumlovský les type, variety I / II and undetermined silicite / silicite of the Moravian Gate type). For the time being, we do not have evidence of workshops documenting their production in the Czech Republic, even though the area of Czech Silesia belongs to the area with the occurrence of silicites from glacigene sediments. Morphologically, the collection of siliceous axes is very varied. Its diversity can be explained by the peripheral position of the Czech Republic in relation to production centres in southern Scandinavia, central and southern Poland. Based on the current state of the available material, we can conclude that these artefacts occurred in the Late Eneolithic and in the Early Bronze Age. Silicite axes and chisels are evidence of intensive contacts between the Czech lands and areas north of the Czech Republic.

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