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Phylogenetic structure of European forest vegetation

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PADULLES CUBINO Josep LOSOSOVÁ Zdeňka BONARI Gianmaria AGRILLO E. ATTORRE F. BERGMEIER E. BIURRUN I. CAMPOS J.A. CARNI A. ĆUK M. DE SANCTIS M. INDREICA A. JIMENEZ-ALFARO B. KHANINA L. KNOLLOVÁ Ilona LENOIR J. PIELECH R. RASOMAVICIUS V. SKVORC Z. SVENNING J.C. VASSILEV K. WILLNER W. CHYTRÝ Milan

Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Biogeography
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14046
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14046
Klíčová slova community assembly; environmental filtering; European forests; glacial refugia; phylogenetic community structure; phylogenetic relatedness; postglacial recolonization; vegetation-plot data
Popis Aims: (a) To determine the contribution of current macro-environmental factors in explaining the phylogenetic structure of European forest vegetation, (b) to map and describe spatial patterns in their phylogenetic structure and (c) to examine which lineages are the most important contributors to phylogenetic clustering and whether their contribution varies across forest types and regions. Location: Europe. Taxon: Angiosperms. Methods: We analysed the phylogenetic structure of 61,816 georeferenced forest vegetation plots across Europe considering alternative metrics either sensitive to basal (ancient evolutionary dynamics) or terminal (recent dynamics) branching in the phylogeny. We used boosted regression trees to model metrics of the phylogenetic structure as a function of current macro-environmental factors. We also identified clades encompassing significantly more taxa than under random expectation in phylogenetically clustered plots. Results: Phylogenetic clustering was driven by climatic stress and instability and was strong in the areas glaciated during the Pleistocene, likely reflecting limited postglacial migration, and to a lower extent in areas of northern-central Europe and in summer-dry Mediterranean regions. Phylogenetic overdispersion was frequent in the hemiboreal zone in Russia, in some areas around the Mediterranean Basin, and along the Atlantic seaboard of the Iberian Peninsula. The families Ericaceae, Poaceae and Fagaceae were overrepresented in clustered plots in different regions of Europe. Main conclusions: We provide the first maps and analyses on the phylogenetic structure of European forest vegetation at the plot level. Our results highlight the role of environmental filtering, postglacial dispersal limitation and spatial transitions between major biomes in determining the distribution of plant lineages in Europe.
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