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Molecular mechanisms of zooplanktonic toxicity in the okadaic acid- producing dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima

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GONG Yufeng ZHANG Keke GENG Ningbo WU Minghuo YI Xianliang RY Renyan CHALLIS Jonathan K. CODLING Garry Paul XU Elvis Genbo GIESY John Paul

Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Environmental Pollution
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Klíčová slova Transcriptomic; Metabolomics; Toxic algal bloom; Zooplankton
Popis Prorocentrum lima is a dinoflagellate that forms hazardous blooms and produces okadaic acid (OA), leading to adverse environmental consequences associated with the declines of zooplankton pop-ulations. However, little is known about the toxic effects and molecular mechanisms of P. lima or OA on zooplankton. Here, their toxic effects were investigated using the brine shrimp Artemia salina. Acute exposure of A. salina to P. lima resulted in lethality at concentrations 10 0-fold lower than densities observed during blooms. The first comprehensive results from global transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses in A. salina showed up-regulated mRNA expression of antioxidant enzymes and reduced non-enzyme antioxidants, indicating general detoxification responses to oxidative stress after exposure to P. lima. The significantly up-regulated mRNA expression of proteasome, spliceosome, and ribosome, as well as the increased fatty acid oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation suggested the proteolysis of damaged proteins and induction of energy expenditure. Exposure to OA increased catabolism of chitin, which may further disrupt the molting and reproduction activities of A. salina. Our data shed new in-sights on the molecular responses and toxicity mechanisms of A. salina to P. lima or OA. The simple zooplankton model integrated with omic methods provides a sensitive assessment approach for studying hazardous algae.
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