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A viability assay combining palladium compound treatment with quantitative PCR to detect viable Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis cells



Rok publikování 2022
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Scientific Reports
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Klíčová slova viability; quantitative PCR; live-dead discrimination; palladium; Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis; mycobacteria; propidium monoazide
Popis Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a pathogenic bacterium causing the paratuberculosis, chronic and infectious disease common particularly in wild and domestic ruminants. Currently, culture techniques to detect viable MAP are still used most commonly, although these require a long incubation period. Consequently, a faster molecular method for assessing MAP cell viability based on cell membrane integrity was introduced consisting of sample treatment with the intercalation dye propidium monoazide (PMA) followed by quantitative PCR (qPCR). However, the PMA-qPCR assay is complicated by demanding procedures involving work in a darkroom and on ice. In this study, we therefore optimized a viability assay combining sample treatment with palladium (Pd) compounds as an alternative viability marker to PMA, which does not require such laborious procedures, with subsequent qPCR. The optimized Pd-qPCR conditions consisting of 90 min exposure to 30 µM bis(benzonitrile)dichloropalladium(II) or 30 µM palladium(II)acetate at 5 °C and using ultrapure water as a resuspension medium resulted in differences in quantification cycle (Cq) values between treated live and dead MAP cells of 8.5 and 7.9, respectively, corresponding to approximately 2.5 log units. In addition, Pd-qPCR proved to be superior to PMA-qPCR in distinguishing between live and dead MAP cells. The Pd-qPCR viability assay thus has the potential to replace time-consuming culture methods and demanding PMA-qPCR in the detection and quantification of viable MAP cells with possible application in food, feed, clinical and environmental samples.

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