Informace o publikaci

Spawning Performance and Sex Steroid Levels in Female Pikeperch Sander lucioperca Treated with Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) Microparticles



Rok publikování 2022
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj ANIMALS
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Farmaceutická fakulta

Klíčová slova aquaculture; GnRHa; induced ovulation; reproductive dysfunction; sustained drug release
Popis Simple Summary Pikeperch Sander lucioperca is a promising candidate for intensive aquaculture. However, controlled reproduction has become the major bottleneck in pikeperch production. To improve and optimize its artificial reproduction, an effective method for hormone treatment is needed. The use of a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microparticle-sustained-release system to administer gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist to pikeperch resulted in acceptable reproductive output. Our results establish the potential of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microparticle as a novel tool for hormone treatment in fish. Pikeperch Sander lucioperca is a piscivorous species considered a promising candidate for the diversification of intensive aquaculture. This study aimed to determine the effect of a sustained-release delivery system incorporating mammalian gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (mGnRHa) into poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles on the sex steroid levels and aspects of artificial reproduction of pikeperch. Fish were divided into four groups and injected with 20 mu g mGnRHa/kg, 5-day release microparticles encapsulated with 5 mu g GnRHa/kg BW (PLGA 5), 20 mu g GnRHa/kg (PLGA 20), or 1 mL/kg 0.9% NaCl (control). Cumulative percentage ovulation was 100% in the PLGA 5 group, significantly higher than in other tested groups. No differences among groups were observed in latency or fecundity. The level of 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) peaked at 40 h post-injection, and was sustained during ovulation, in all treated groups. The 17 beta-estradiol (E2) concentration increased in the mGnRHa-only group immediately after hormone injection, while both PLGA groups showed a reduction in E2 after injection, continuing to decrease until ovulation. A low dose of mGnRHa in PLGA microparticles significantly improves induction of ovulation and results in acceptable reproductive performance, which may positively affect pikeperch production under controlled conditions.
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