Informace o publikaci

A Matter of Metals: Copper but Not Cadmium Affects the Microbial Alpha-Diversity of Soils and Sediments — a Meta-analysis


SIGNORINI Marco MIDOLO Gabriele CESCO Stefano MIMMO Tanja BORRUSO Luigimaria

Rok publikování 2023
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Microbial Ecology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Klíčová slova Bacterial communities; Alpha-diversity; Soil; Sediment; Rhizosphere; Heavy metals; Meta-analysis
Popis Heavy metal (HM) accumulation in soil affects plants and soil fauna, yet the effect on microbial alpha-diversity remains unclear, mainly due to the absence of dedicated research synthesis (e.g. meta-analysis). Here, we report the first meta-analysis of the response of soil microbial alpha-diversity to the experimental addition of cadmium (Cd) and copper (Cu). We considered studies conducted between 2013 and 2022 using DNA metabarcoding of bacterial and fungal communities to overcome limitations of other cultivation- and electrophoresis-based techniques. Fungi were discarded due to the limited study number (i.e. 6 studies). Bacterial studies resulted in 66 independent experiments reported in 32 primary papers from four continents. We found a negative dose-dependent response for Cu but not for Cd for bacterial alpha-diversity in the environments, only for Cu additions exceeding 29.6 mg kg(-1) (first loss of - 0.06% at 30 mg kg(-1)). The maximal loss of bacterial alpha-diversity registered was 13.89% at 3837 mg kg(-1). Our results first highlight that bacterial communities behave differently to soil pollution depending on the metal. Secondly, our study suggests that even extreme doses of Cu do not cause a dramatic loss in alpha-diversity, highlighting how the behaviour of bacterial communities diverges from soil macro-organisms.

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