Ageism In View of Paramedical Healthworkers at Departments of Gerontopsychiatry
|Druh||Článek v odborném periodiku|
|Citace||POKORNÁ, Andrea. Ageism In View of Paramedical Healthworkers at Departments of Gerontopsychiatry. Journal of US-China Medical Science, 2011, roč. 8, č. 10, s. 638-641. ISSN 1548-6648.|
|Obor||Ostatní lékařské obory|
|Klíčová slova||Ageism; aged; elderly; attitudes; psychiatry; paramedical personnel|
All societies use age and sex to classify their members and they have different expectations of each category. The unrealistic classification on the basis of the age or sex is one of the biggest risks for the discrimination and prejudice in modern societies. Ageism could be defined as any prejudice or discrimination against or in favor of an age group. As a consequence there is negative stereotypes about that group (i.e., the belief that most of old people are senile) or negative attitude based on a stereotype (i.e., the feeling that old age is usually the worst time of life). Methods: A descriptive survey design was conducted within two regional gerontopsychiatric departments (in Brno and Kroměříž). We evaluated psychiatric paramedical healthcare professionals' (different job functions, excluding physicians) attitudes towards elderly people. The original questioner [27 entries] was used (some questions were prepared according to the Palmores questionnaire). There were 145 paramedical health workers (rendering nursing care) questioned in total. Results: The results reveal the occurrence of ageism and suggest the discriminatory treatment of seniors generally in medical facilities. On the ascertained determinants of the ageist attitudes the following variables were investigated: The length of professional practice at gerontopsychiatric departments and in the health care settings in total, the age of the respondents and their level of the education. Concrete results: the age of the respondents (asked health workers) has no significant association on the declared experience with the abuse of elderly patients (p – 0.748). The level of education has statistically significant association on the knowledge and familiarity with the term ageism (p – 0.013). And finally the length of clinical practice has statistically significant association on the linked education interest – Lifelong learning in problematic of ageism (p – 0.043).