Publication details

Tumors in the 18th and 19th centuries at Brno, Czech Republic



Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Anthropologischer Anzeiger
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Archaeology, anthropology, ethnology
Keywords Paleopathology; tumors; bone remains; 18th-19th centuries; Czech Republic
Description Symptoms signs of benign and malignant tumors were observed during paleopathological analysis of skeletal remains from the city of Brno in the Czech Republic. Approximately 1,200 skeletons were examined from two Modern era archaeology sites: the Malá Nová ulice (Little New Street) cemetery and the cemetery of the Nemocnice Milosrdných bratří (Merciful Brothers’ Hospital). Osteomas, usually located on the flat bones of the cranial vault, were the most frequent skeletal pathology. Symptoms signs of malignant tumors were observed in three cases. In one case lytic foci caused by the metastases of a malignant tumor in the soft tissue was observed. Traces of myeloma multiplex were found in two individuals. Living conditions in that period, and possible carcinogenic environmental influences were assessed for the general population of Brno. This report contributes to a better understanding of the historical development of cancers and the clarification of possible causes for their modern increase of incidence.

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