Publication details

Význam chuti v udržení homeostázy organizmu a patologický dopad vyrušení orocefalických reflexů ve vazbě na sladkou chuť v následku konzumace nekalorických sladidel

Title in English Importance of taste in maintaining homeostasis and pathological impact of orosensory reflexes distraction in relation to sweet taste after noncaloric sweeteners consumption


Year of publication 2014
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Vnitřní lékařství
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field ORL, ophthalmology, stomatology
Keywords consumption of noncaloric sweeteners; oro-sensory reflexes; taste signals
Description Taste signals and their reflexes have important signalling function in nature. They protect organism against toxic substances in food with help of taste aversion, they help to cope nutrition deficiencies through taste preferences, on the other hand, they act in many postprandial reflexes to maintain energy homeostasis. Taste and other oro-sensory signals from oral cavity affect not only the intake regulation, but also influence hormonal, neural and metabolic pathways to maintain homeostasis. The aim is to utilize effectively food energy and prevent energy instability of organism. Oro-sensory reflexes mediated by taste cells develop naturally from the first contact with sweet breast milk in infancy. It has been proven that the attenuation of reflexes due to the use of artificial sweeteners that don´t bring any caloric value to human body leads to hormonal and energetic dysregulation of organism and may contribute to metabolic syndrome.

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