Publication details

Znalosti matek o rizikových faktorech vzniku zubního kazu a jejich postoje k péči o dočasný chrup

Title in English Mothers’ knowledge about risk factors of dental caries and their attitudes to dental care in infants


Year of publication 2015
Type Conference abstract
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Description The aim of the study was to identify mothers’ attitudes to diet, oral hygiene, possible transfer of microbes and knowledge of caries preventive measures in relation to early childhood caries. A total of 127 pairs of mother/child were invited to participate in the study. After filling in the questionnaire, 94 children (mean age 11.15 months, SD=2.724) were orally examined and their dental status (dmft) was recorded. 58.3 % mothers were in the age group of 31 - 40years. 88. 9 % mothers had finished university or secondary school. Mothers know when to visit a dentist and 95,3 % identified children age in the date of visit(mean 11,96 months, SD=1, 746), but only 55. 9 % mothers know where to go for preventive care with child. The analysis of questionnaire responses showed that sugar intake was not a risk factor for the development of dental caries in most of the infants involved in this study (77.2% of mothers did not sweeten beverages). A more significant risk factor was the absence of oral hygiene (21% of mothers did not clean infants’ teeth) and bacterial transmission from mother’s mouth to infants. Saliva and dental plaque samples were taken both from children and their mothers and assessed for the presence of mutans streptococci (Dentocult® SM Strip mutans). Our results demonstrated a significant relationship between the presence of microbes in mothers and children (p<0.05). In addition, children with higher amounts of microbes showed higher dmft index. Decayed teeth in one-year-old infants were identified in 2.4 %.Mothers’ attitudes towards dietary habits were generally at a high level in our cohort, nevertheless, more profound education focused on further caries preventive measures is recommended.
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