Publication details

DIAGNOSTICS OF PLANTAR PRESSURE IN PREGNANT WOMEN

Authors

MIKESKA Ondřej KOLÁŘOVÁ Kateřina ZVONAŘ Martin

Year of publication 2016
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference 10th International Conference On Kinanthropology "Sport and Quality of Life"
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Citation
Field Sport and leisure time activities
Keywords pregnancy plantography plantar pressure
Attached files
Description Pregnancy is a specific phase in the course of women’s lives, which has a considerable influence on the distribution of plantar pressures which are influencedb by several factors: the increasing weight gain, changes in the distribution of body mass, changes in walking stereotype, the shape of the foot. The purpose of this research was to demonstrate and measure changes in plantar pressures, particularly the changes in the values of the maximal pressures and the changes in the values of the total load in selected areas of the foot during and after pregnancy. The article is focused on plantography and its application in a research on the influence of pregnancy and postpartum weight loss on changes in the distribution of plantar pressure during walking. The aim of the study is to identify (diagnose) the development of plantar pressures during pregnancy and after childbirth, demonstrate and characterize changes in load and feet, which are manifested by changes in the values of the maximal pressure and the time integral of pressure in different areas of the foot. The research was designed as a case study. Six pregnant women took part in the research. They used plantographic emed-at platform to monitor the changes in selected plantographic parameters in ten areas of the foot (the hind foot, the midfoot, from the first to the fifth metatarsal, the thumb, the forefinger and other fingers) during pregnancy and after childbirth. The first measurement was carried out as a part of the research into the 15th week of pregnancy. The second measurement was carried out in the period between the 25th and 26th week of pregnancy. The third measurement took place about 14 days before a month when the childbirth was expected. The fourth measurement took place six months after the childbirth. For a description and comparison of the measured values between the measurements of each participant we used histograms and then we analyzed the measured values of the effect size of Cohen’s d coeff.