Publication details

Alwilkinsite-(Y), a new rare-earth uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA



Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Mineralogical Magazine
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords alwilkinsite-(Y); new mineral; uranyl sulfate; crystal structure; Blue Lizard mine; Utah; USA
Description The new mineral alwilkinsite-(Y) (IMA2015-097), Y(H2O)(7)[(UO2)(3)(SO4)(2)O(OH)(3)]center dot 7H(2)O, was found in the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA, where it occurs as a secondary alteration phase. The mineral is slightly flexible before brittle failure with splintery fracture and perfect cleavage parallel to [010], has Mohs hardness of similar to 2-2 1/2, exhibits dull greenish-grey fluorescence and has a calculated density of 3.371 g cm(-3). Alwilkinsite-(Y) occurs as yellowish-green needles, elongate on [010], with domatic terminations and exhibits the forms {102}, {301} and {12 (4) over bar}. It is optically biaxial (+) with alpha = 1.573(1), beta = 1.581(1), gamma = 1.601(1) (white light), the measured 2V is 65.3(1)degrees, the dispersion is r < nu (weak), the optical orientation is X = c, Y = a, Z = b and there is no pleochroism. Electron microprobe analyses yielded the empirical formula (Y0.66Dy0.08Gd0.06Er0.05Nd0.03Yb0.03Sm0.02Ce0.01)(Sigma 0.94) (H2O)(7) [(UO2)(3)(S1.01O4)(2)O(OH)(3)]center dot 7H(2)O. The eight strongest powder X-ray diffraction lines are [d(obs) angstrom(I)(hkl)]: 9.88(100)(101,002), 7.47(13)(102), 5.621(17)(103,201), 4.483(18)(104), 3.886(14)(130,222), 3.322(46) (multiple), 3.223(13)(multiple) and 3.145(16)(034). Alwilkinsite-(Y) is orthorhombic, P2(1)2(1)2(1), a = 11.6194(5), b = 12.4250(6), c = 19.4495(14) angstrom, V = 2807.9(3) angstrom(3) and Z = 4. The structure of alwilkinsite-(Y) (R-1 = 0.042 for 4244 F-o > 4 sigma F) contains edge-sharing chains of uranyl bipyramids with outlying sulfate tetrahedra that are similar to the chain linkages within the uranyl sulfate sheets of the zippeite structure. Short segments of the uranyl sulfate chains in the alwilkinsite-(Y) structure have the same topology as portions of the uranyl sulfate linkages in uranopilite. Alwilkinsite-(Y) is named for Alan (Al) J. Wilkins, MD (born 1955), the discoverer of the mineral.
Related projects:

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info