Publication details

Behavioral intervention: a tool in early childhood caries prevention.

Authors

BARTOŠOVÁ Michaela SVĚTLÁK Miroslav KUKLETOVÁ Martina BOŘILOVÁ LINHARTOVÁ Petra IZAKOVIČOVÁ HOLLÁ Lydie

Year of publication 2018
Type Conference abstract
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Description AIM: The aim was to find out whether tools of behavioral intervention can affect behavior of mothers of infants within prevention of early childhood caries. METHODS: 39 mothers of infants which completed originally designed questionnaire containing 10 positive and 10 negative pictorial and text infomation related to dental caries were included. Oral status of their one-year-old children was examined. The emotional impact of the text and pictorial stimuli was evaluated using the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM) technique, which represents three emotional dimensions: valence, arousal, and domination. RESULTS: The results proved that negative pictorial and text warnings about caries risks development had a potential to evoke emotional responses in mothers. Mothers rated themselves as in high control over the individual submitted stimuli. A significant correlation between the negative and positive stimuli was recorded (P<0.01): a more dangerous stimulus (less valence) was associated with a higher arousal and a more pleasant stimulus was associated with a higher mothers’ sense of being in control over it. On the contrary, the higher arousal it caused, the less in control they were (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We assume, if mothers experience negative warnings arousing strong emotions of fear about their children’s health, it is advisable to offer them at the same time a solution how to avoid possible consequences of their behavior. Appropriate prevention measures, i.e. a combination of negative and positive pictorial and text information, could be presented to mothers in the waiting-rooms of pediatricians, dental practitioners, on pre-school notice boards, or labels of sweetened drinks.
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