Publication details

Glimpse of the highly obscured HMXB IGR J16318-4848 with Hitomi

Authors

AHARONIAN F. AKAMATSU H. AKIMOTO F. ALLEN SW ANGELINI L. AUDARD M. AWAKI H. AXELSSON M. BAMBA A. BAUTZ MW BLANDFORD R. BRENNEMAN LW BROWN GV BULBUL E. CACKETT EM CHERNYAKOVA M. CHIAO MP COPPI PS COSTANTINI E. DE PLAA J. DE VRIES CP DEN HERDER JW DONE C. DOTANI T. EBISAWA K. ECKART ME ENOTO T. EZOE Y. FABIAN AC FERRIGNO C. FOSTER AR FUJIMOTO R. FUKAZAWA Y. FURUZAWA A. GALEAZZI M. GALLO LC GANDHI P. GIUSTINI M. GOLDWURM A. LY Gu GUAINAZZI M. HABA Y. HAGINO K. HAMAGUCHI K. HARRUS IM HATSUKADE I. HAYASHI K. HAYASHI T. HAYASHIDA K. HIRAGA JS HORNSCHEMEIER A. HOSHINO A. HUGHES JP ICHINOHE Y. IIZUKA R. INOUE H. INOUE Y. ISHIDA M. ISHIKAWA K. ISHISAKI Y. IWAI M. KAASTRA J. KALLMAN T. KAMAE T. KATAOKA J. KATSUDA S. KAWAI N. KELLEY RL KILBOURNE CA KITAGUCHI T. KITAMOTO S. KITAYAMA T. KOHMURA T. KOKUBUN M. KOYAMA K. KOYAMA S. KRETSCHMAR P. KRIMM HA KUBOTA A. KUNIEDA H. LAURENT P. LEE SH LEUTENEGGER MA LIMOUSIN OO LOEWENSTEIN M. LONG KS LUMB D. MADEJSKI G. MAEDA Y. MAIER D. MAKISHIMA K. MARKEVITCH M. MATSUMOTO H. MATSUSHITA K. MCCAMMON D. MCNAMARA BR MEHDIPOUR M. MILLER ED MILLER JM MINESHIGE S. MITSUDA K. MITSUISHI I. MIYAZAWA T. MIZUNO T. MORI H. MORI K. MUKAI K. MURAKAMI H. MUSHOTZKY RF NAKAGAWA T. NAKAJIMA H. NAKAMORI T. NAKASHIMA S. NAKAZAWA K. NORUKAWA KK NOBUKAWA M. NODA H. ODAKA H. OHASHI T. OHNO M. OKAJIMA T. OTA N. OZAKI M. PAERELS F. PALTANI S. PETRE R. PINTO C. PORTER FS POTTSCHMIDT K. REYNOLDS CS SAFI-HARB S. SAITO S. SAKAI K. SASAKI T. SATO G. SATO K. SATO R. SAWADA M. SCHARTEL N. SERLEMITSOS PJ SETA H. SHIDATSU M. SIMIONESCU A. SMITH RK SOONG Y. STAWARZ L. SUGAWARA Y. SUGITA S. SZYMKOWIAK A. TAJIMA H. TAKAHASHI H. TAKAHASHI T. TAKEDA S. TAKEI Y. TAMAGAWA T. TAMURA T. TANAKA T. TANAKA Y. TANAKA YT TASHIRO MS TAWARA Y. TERADA Y. TERASHIMA Y. TOMBESI F. TOMIDA H. TSUBOI Y. TSUJIMOTO M. TSUNEMI H. TSURU TG UCHIDA H. UCHIYAMA H. UCHIYAMA Y. UEDA S. UEDA Y. UNO S. URRY CM URSINO E. WATANABE S. WERNER Norbert WILKINS DR WILLIAMS BJ YAMADA S. YAMAGUCHI H. YAMAOKA K. YAMASAKI NY YAMAUCHI M. YAMAUCHI S. YAQOOB T. YATSU Y. YONETOKU D. ZHURAVLEVA I. ZOGHBI A. NAKANIWA N.

Year of publication 2018
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source PUBLICATIONS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pasj/psx154
Keywords binaries: general; stars: individual (IGR J16318-4848); X-rays: binaries
Description We report on a Hitomi observation of IGR J16318-4848, a high-mass X-ray binary system with an extremely strong absorption of N-H similar to 10(24) cm(-2). Previous X-ray studies revealed that its spectrum is dominated by strong fluorescence lines of Fe as well as continuum emission lines. For physical and geometrical insight into the nature of the reprocessing material, we utilized the high spectroscopic resolving power of the X-ray microcalorimeter (the soft X-ray spectrometer: SXS) and the wide-band sensitivity by the soft and hard X-ray imagers (SXI and HXI) aboard Hitomi. Even though the photon counts are limited due to unintended off-axis pointing, the SXS spectrum resolves Fe K alpha(1) and K alpha(2) lines and puts strong constraints on the line centroid and line width. The line width corresponds to a velocity of 160(-70)(+300) km s(-1). This represents the most accurate, and smallest, width measurement of this line made so far from the any X-ray binary, much less than the Doppler broadening and Doppler shift expected from speeds that are characteristic of similar systems. Combined with the K-shell edge energy measured by the SXI and HXI spectra, the ionization state of Fe is estimated to be in the range of Fe I-IV. Considering the estimated ionization parameter and the distance between the X-ray source and the absorber, the density and thickness of the materials are estimated. The extraordinarily strong absorption and the absence of a Compton shoulder component have been confirmed. These characteristics suggest reprocessing materials that are distributed in a narrow solid angle or scattering, primarily by warm free electrons or neutral hydrogen. This measurement was achieved using the SXS detection of 19 photons. It provides strong motivation for follow-up observations of this and other X-ray binaries using the X-ray Astrophysics Recovery Mission and other comparable future instruments.

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