Publication details

The Differences Between Problem-Oriented Learning Situations in Czech Primary Geography and Czech Primary Science

Authors

ČEŠKOVÁ Tereza

Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Citation
Description The paper will present a comparison of learning situations that develop the problem-solving competence in primary geography and primary Science. Its aim is to describe the differences, if there are some, between these two subjects, specifically in the problem-oriented learning situations (PLS) that have a potential to develop a problem-solving competence in distribution and length of the phases of PLSs. Based on available studies, we distinguish 8 phases of PLS (Problem structuring, Initiation, Analysing the problem-oriented task, Searching for information, Synthesizing findings, Summarizing, Presenting, Reflecting). The research sample consists of 10 videorecordings (5 classes, 2 lessons in each) of Czech primary geography lessons collected in a study year 2017/2018 and of primary Science collected in 2011. A structured nonparticipant observation based on a categorical system that results from the descriptions of the phases of PLS is used for the analysis. To report the overall results, we use descriptive statistics, for a description of the distribution of the phases in the PLS we use absolute and relative frequencies. The analysis is currently underway. So far we have complete results for Science instruction: we identified 522 tasks in total, out of them 41 were problem-oriented tasks which were organised into 31 PLS. In 6 out of 10 lessons the time allocated to PLS is more than a quarter of the lesson duration. The most frequent phases were Analysing, Initiation and Summarisation. Finding the differences between subjects is the first step to find ways how to develop a problem-solving competence better.
Related projects: