Publication details

Srdeční frekvence sportovců s mentálním postižením během zápasů národního turnaje ve stolním tenise Českého hnutí speciálních olympiád: pilotní studie

Title in English Heart rate of athletes with intellectual disability during table tennis matches
Authors

GIMUNOVÁ Marta VÁLKOVÁ Hana KALINA Tomáš

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Studia Sportiva
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5817/StS2018-2-3
Keywords heart rate, intellectual disabilities, table tennis, Czech Special Olympics Movement
Description Heart rate values are considered to be a significant indicator of individual fitness, intensity of exercise and sympathetic activation. There are few studies in Czech literature focused on the heart rate in ath- letes with intellectual disabilities. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of heart rate during fifteen table tennis matches within the 23 rd national tournament of the Czech Special Olympics Movement. Ten participants (6 males, 4 females) who for at least 3 years train regularly and participate in table tennis competitions under the Special Olympics rules, were observed. Their heart rate was measured using a sports tester Forerunner® 15, Garmin Ltd, which was fastened on the participant’s chest during their game day. Heart rate values during the matches were statistically processed along with the matches’ duration and the resulting match scores. Correlation coefficients obtained from scat- terplots show a statistically significant relationship of mean heart rate values during the match with the resulting score, probably influenced by emotion and psychological stress associated with the match loss. The effect of match duration on the heart rate was not statistically significant during observed matches. Subsequent analysis of the body composition of the athletes showed that sixty percent of them were in the category of overweight or obesity. These results highlight the need to promote healthy lifestyle and physical activity in the population with intellectual disabilities.