Publication details

Minerals of the rhabdophane group and the alunite supergroup in microgranite: products of low-temperature alteration in a highly acidic environment from the Velence Hills, Hungary

Authors

ONDREJKA Martin BACIK Peter SOBOCKY Tomáš UHER Pavel ŠKODA Radek MIKUS Tomáš LUPTAKOVA Jarmila KONECNY Pavel

Year of publication 2018
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Mineralogical Magazine
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2018.137
Keywords rhabdophane group; alunite supergroup; jarosite; alunite; corkite; hinsdalite; supergene alteration; microgranite; Velence; Hungary
Description An assemblage of alunite-supergroup minerals (ASM), rhabdophane-group minerals (RGM), goethite and associated clay minerals occurs in Permian A-type porphyritic microgranite in the eastern part of the Velence Hills, Hungary. The secondary sulfates/phosphates include jarosite, Pb-rich jamsite and alunite, corkite, hinsdalite and rhabdophane-(Ce), -(La) and -(Nd). Detailed electron probe microanalysis and Raman spectroscopy reveal a wide miscibility among RGM end-members and show a rhabdophane- tristramite-brockite solid solution with extensive compositional variation. Moreover, ASM show heterogeneous composition and complex substitution mechanisms within the alunite, beudantite and plumbogummite groups. The formation of this rare mineral assemblage reveals extensive remobilization of rare-earth elements (REE), Th, U, P, S, Fe and Pb under supergene conditions. Compositional variations and substitution trends of the RGM investigated indicate that Th, U, Ca and Pb are incorporated into the rhabdophane structure by a (Ca, Pb)(2+) + (Th, U)(4+) <--> 2REE(3+) substitution mechanism. Consequently, we suggest the following end-member formulae for RGM containing divalent and tetravalent cations: (Ca0.5Th0.5)PO4 center dot H2O for brockite, (Pb0.5Th0.5)PO4 center dot H2O for grayite and (Ca0.5U0.5)PO4 center dot H2O for tristramite. The ASM and RGM originated from total leaching of the primary magmatic REE, Th, U and P minerals in the microgranite [most probably allanite-(Ce), fluorapatite and possibly also xenotime-(Y)]. together with input of Pb and S in low-temperature, acid sulfate solutions, connected with an adjacent Palaeogene andesite-diorite intrusion and the accompanying hydrothermal sulfide mineralization.
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