Publication details

Current vascular allograft procurement, cryopreservation and transplantation techniques in the Czech Republic

Authors

ŠPAČEK Miroslav MĚŘIČKA Pavel JANOUŠEK Libor ŠTÁDLER Petr ADAMEC Miloš VLACHOVSKÝ Robert GUŇKA Igor NAVRÁTIL Pavel THIEME Filip ŠPUNDA Rudolf BURKERT Jan STAFFA Robert NĚMEC Petr LINDNER Jaroslav

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source ADVANCES IN CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Web http://dx.doi.org/10.17219/acem/90037
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.17219/acem/90037
Keywords tissue banking; cryopreserved vascular allograft transplantation; operative procedures; graft procurement; cryopreservation
Description Background. Vascular allotransplantations are performed worldwide in selected patients suffering from vascular prosthesis infection or critical limb ischemia. Either fresh or cryopreserved vascular allograft may be used. Objectives. In various points, we address several aspects (allograft procurement, cryopreservation and transplantation technique) of the program of vascular allotransplantations in the Czech Republic. Materials and methods. Vascular grafts retrieval has been done within multiorgan harvests using no-touch technique. Very short time of cold ischemia is achieved due to close cooperation with Tissue Establishment where the following processing of cryopreservation is performed. Meeting all necessary quality criteria is a prerequisity for releasing grafts for clinical application. Standardized thawing protocol and surgical handling aims to minimize microfractures before implantation. Results. Based on experimental and clinical work, the first validation of cryopreserved arterial and venous grafts for clinical use was performed between 2011 and 2013 in the Czech Republic. The developement of storage of vascular tissue in banks was stimulated in 2000-2010 by the issue of EU directives and national harmonized norms, aimed at assurance of high quality and safety of cells and tissues used for transplantations in humans. Conclusions. There are several crucial moments affecting final quality, including graft retrieval within a multiorgan harvest, short ischemic time, cryopreservation, and thawing technique used. The recommended surgical handling during implantation may also affect results and graft-related complications.