Publication details

Protease associated domain of RNF43 is not necessary for the suppression of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling in human cells


RADASZKIEWICZ Tomasz Witold BRYJA Vítězslav

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Cell Communication and Signaling
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords RNF43; Protease associated domain; Wnt signaling; LRP6; RSPO1; Dishevelled
Description BackgroundRNF43 and its homolog ZNRF3 are transmembrane E3 ubiquitin ligases frequently mutated in many human cancer types. Their main role relays on the inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling by the negative regulation of frizzled receptors and LRP5/6 co-receptors levels at the plasma membrane. Intracellular RING domains of RNF43/ZNRF3 mediate the key enzymatic activity of these proteins, but the function of the extracellular Protease Associated (PA) fold in the inhibition of Wnt/beta-catenin pathway is controversial up-to date, apart from the interaction with secreted antagonists R-spondin family proteins shown by the crystallographic studies.MethodsIn our research we utilised cell-based approaches to study the role of RNF43 lacking PA domain in the canonical Wnt signalling pathway transduction. We developed controlled overexpression (TetON) and CRISPR/Cas9 mediated knock-out models in human cells.ResultsRNF43 Delta PA mutant activity impedes canonical Wnt pathway, as manifested by the reduced phosphorylation of LRP6, DVL2 and DVL3 and by the decreased beta-catenin-dependent gene expression. Finally, rescue experiments in the CRISPR/Cas9 derived RNF43/ZNRF3 double knock-out cell lines showed that RNF Delta PA overexpression is enough to inhibit activation of LRP6 and beta-catenin activity as shown by the Western blot and Top flash dual luciferase assays. Moreover, RNF43 variant without PA domain was not sensitive to the R-spondin1 treatment.ConclusionTaken together, our results help to understand better the mode of RNF43 tumor suppressor action and solve some discrepancies present in the field.
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