Publication details

Indication and importance of reconstructive surgeries of facial skeleton in maxillofacial surgery: Review



Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta chirurgiae plasticae
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Keywords Flap; Free flap; Head and neck surgery; Pedicled flap
Description Malignant head and neck tumors belong among common diseases and their incidence constantly rises. In the Czech Republic, the proportional representation of orofacial tumors ranges around 2% of the total number of malignancies. Rational treatment of these tumors is complex and long. In the course of therapeutic planning, you have to consider the age of the patient and the stage of the disease including the presence of distant metastases. Removal of the tumor with a sufficient safety margin and an eventual treatment of the relevant lymphatic system according to the type of the tumor is an important prerequisite for the success of the surgical therapy. Reconstructive procedures in maxillofacial oncosurgery presume good interdisciplinary cooperation and a high professional preparedness of the surgical and nursing team. Selection of the right patient is also very important with regard to the risks of both local and systemic postoperative complications. Use of the free flap techniques is currently the gold standard, but it is also necessary to master pedicled flap techniques, whose advantages lie in simpler technique and often better aesthetic results. At the same time, we have to realize that even traditional, classical reconstructive procedures using prosthetic replacements can still represent the ideal solution in many cases.

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