Publication details

Rychlá spojení metropolitních oblastí: ekonomický model dopadů (nové) dostupnosti na pracovní trhy – potenciální dopady výstavby vysokorychlostních tratí na pracovní mobilitu, ekonomický a sociální rozvoj regionů a jejich mezinárodní postavení

Investor logo
Title in English Rapid connections of metropolitan areas: an economic model of the impact of (new) accessibility on labour markets - potential impacts of high-speed lines on labour mobility, economic and social development of regions and their international status


Year of publication 2021
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Economics and Administration

Attached files
Description The research report summarises the results of the assessment of the potential impacts of the planned routes of high-speed railways/HSR or fast connections/FC in the Czech Republic on the labour mobility of the population, socio-economic development of regions (including international relations) and its sustainability. To address the first topic, the concept of marginal mobility of productive resources was used, reflecting the ratio between the increase in commuting-related income and commuting costs. The developed variant scenarios of the average HSR/FC speed and the shares of the cost of lost time in gross wages confirm the high attractiveness of Prague, followed by Brno and Plzeň and (relatively unattractive) Ostrava. In this context, a certain redistribution of the transport market in favour of FC as a modern means of transport can thus be expected, but the potential impacts on the overall level of relevant demand will not be substantial. The solution of the second research topic is based on the original, practically verified theory of regional and sustainable development and in this context takes into account the quality of the business environment and the systems of poles and axes of development constituted on its basis as determinants of the potential role of FC in terms of stimulating the socio-economic development of the regions concerned. The strongest stimulating effects can be expected in the case of the planned fast connection of the FC 3 route followed by the FC 1 route and, conversely, with the weakest effects in the case of the "connecting" FC 2 route. The third research topic is the perception of the potential impacts of RS on the sustainability of development based on the application of the concept of externalities, which are divided into general externalities (induced by traffic) and area-specific externalities (induced by the location of the routes). On the basis of the analyses carried out, it can be stated that from this perspective, Routes 3 and 2 appear to be the most environmentally friendly, followed by Routes 1 (worst position in terms of impacts on the landscape environment) and 4 (worst position in terms of impacts on the urban environment). From an overall perspective, the information obtained from the project design can be used effectively for the most objective prioritisation and optimisation of the construction of the individual RS routes, with an emphasis on the prevention of socially unhelpful or controversial solutions.
Related projects:

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info