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Včasná diagnostika a evidence-based intervence jako klíčové faktory pro pozitivní vývoj u dětí s poruchou autistického spektra

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Title in English Early diagnosis and evidence-based intervention as key factors for positive development in children with autism spectrum disorder


Year of publication 2022
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Česká a slovenská psychiatrie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Keywords autism; screening; Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention; applied behavior analysis
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Description In the last two decades, the professional community focused its attention on autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Many countries including the Czech Republic started to administer early screeing of ASD. The prevalence of ASD is steadily increasing. Current research suggests that between 1 % and 2 % of the population suffer from some form of autism. Screening of early symptoms, subsequent diagnostics and prompt initiation of effective intervention aimed at the core symptoms of ASD and developing the child's key skills are critical for improving the prognosis of a child with autism. This article presents the process of ASD screening at general practitioners' offices, which was initiated in the Czech Republic in 2016, and the follow-up diagnostic process performed by a child and adolescent psychiatrist. It responds to the lack of effective early intervention perceived by professionals and parents and introduces approaches for developing critical skills of a child with ASD at an early age. It focuses on Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention, which is based on the principles of applied behavior analysis and is one of the recommended practices of the Czech Psychiatric Society and other renown professional organizations. Currently, it is one of the few behavioral and psychotherapeutic interventions for autism that focuses on the development of key communication and social skills in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities and its effectiveness is supported by a sufficient amount of high-quality scientific evidence.
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