Publication details

Starobylé kulturní krajiny Moravy

Title in English Ancient cultural landscapes of Moravia


Year of publication 2022
Type Conference abstract
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Description The ancient cultural landscape of Moravia is considered to be segments of the contemporary landscape that were created in the period before the onset of the main wave of the industrial revolution, i.e. before the year 1850. These segments now maintain a similar appearance as they had in the map documents of the so-called stable cadastre from the first half of the 19 .century. Cadastre after cadastre (the historical territory of Moravia consists of more than 3,000 cadastral territories), these remnants of the ancient landscape, often formed since the end of the Middle Ages, were identified by successive comparisons of the current landscape on publicly available orthophotos with the state on imperial imprints of cadastral maps. The indicator in the current landscape was both small-scale land ownership and forms of land use, as well as large-scale land use of former large estates. The detected 1139 remnants of the old cultural landscape defined in this way in the historical territory of Moravia were subjected to geostatistical analysis both according to the position in different types of relief and according to approximately 20 read parameters (including the current state, form of threat and recommended measures). Among the interesting results is the fact that the best-preserved remains of the ancient landscape belong to the area with a varied composition of land use in the warmest parts of Moravia in the south, the areas of former large estates in the Hané plains, the floodplain landscape in Poodří. A specific role was played by large cities, in the vicinity of which gardeners transformed small plots into gardens, while strongly changing the structure of land use. Flat areas were most affected by land consolidation, and this process continues intensively and spills over into more fragmented areas. In the former colonization areas, the loss of fine land differentiation is associated with continued afforestation, the destruction of boundaries and the radical loss of arable land in favor of grasslands. Although in general several hundred well-preserved areas of the old cultural landscape have been preserved, only about two dozen of them require a suitable form of protection. Information about all discovered remains of the ancient landscape of Moravia is published in an electronic map located above Google Maps at with rich tabular and pictorial documentation. The users of the displayed documents can be historic preservation, nature and landscape protection authorities, planning institutions, state administration and self-government, land owners, the lay public, schools and educational institutions, interest organizations, crisis management, public media and film, visual arts, research organizations, etc.

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