Publication details

Vacancy-induced magnetic states in TiO2 surfaces

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FRIÁK Martin TRAN Quynh Nhu Thi MEDUŇA Mojmír GAZDOVÁ Kristýna PAVLŮ Jana MUNZAR Dominik NGUYEN Hoa Hong

Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of Applied Physics
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords Density functional theory; Quantum mechanical calculations; Spintronics; Ferromagnetism; Crystallographic defects; Thin films; X-ray diffraction; Ceramics; Stoichiometry
Description We present a combined experimental and theoretical study of surface-related magnetic states in TiO2?. Our experiments on nano-sized thin films of pure TiO2 have suggested that the observed room-temperature magnetism originates from defects, in particular, from the surface of thin films as well as from point defects, such as oxygen vacancies located mainly at the surface. Clarifying this phenomenon is very important for harnessing magnetic properties of pristine TiO2 films in future spintronic applications but a detailed experimental investigation is very demanding. Therefore, quantum-mechanical density functional theory calculations were performed for (i) bulk anatase TiO2 ?, (ii) bulk-like TiO2-terminated vacancy-free (001) surfaces, (iii) vacancy-containing TiO-terminated (001) surfaces, (iv) TiO0.75-terminated (001) surfaces with additional 25% surface oxygen vacancies, as well as (v) oxygen-terminated (001)-surfaces. Our fixed-spin-moment calculations identified both the bulk and the bulk-like terminated vacancy-free TiO2-terminated (001) surfaces as non-magnetic. In contrast, oxygen vacancies in the case of TiO-terminated and TiO0.75-terminated (001) surfaces lead to ferromagnetic and rather complex ferrimagnetic states, respectively. The spin-polarized atoms are the Ti atoms (due to the d-states) located in the surface and sub-surface atomic planes. Last, the O-terminated surfaces are also magnetic due to the surface and sub-surface oxygen atoms and sub-surface Ti atoms (but their surface energy is high).
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