Publication details

Význam ekologického vinohradnictví pro ochranu přírody a krajiny

Title in English The importance of ecologic viticulture for the conservation of the nature landscape


Year of publication 2011
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference RegioM 2010. Sborník Regionálního muzea v Mikulově
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Land protection
Keywords biodiversity; viticulture; butterflies; burnets; correlation analysis
Description Monitoring of biodiversity in three viticulture systems (conventional, IPM, organic) was conducted in 9 vineyards and 3 reference forest steppes in 2008-2010. Among other groups of macroedafon, daily butterflies (Rhopalocera) and burnets (Zygaenidae) were monitored. Using correlation analysis, the most important parameters in vinegrowing technology that influence diversity of butterfly community were identified as follows: inter-row management, duration of continuous succession of inter-row, time from the last use of chemical insecticide, period since beginning of IPM or organic management, distance of the nearest original forest steppe locality and age of the vineyard. On the basis of that data, a project ECOWIN - nature conservation through ecologization of vinegroving, has been designed in 2009. Data from preliminary results from monitoring of organic vineyards shows strong positive effect of organic management on butterfly community in vineyards. This positive effects on population was proven by 44 species from altogether 87 found daily butterfly species and Zygaenidae in the vineyards. From those 44 species, 18 species are classified as endangered and one as critically endangered. 17 species from mentioned 19 develop in larval stage on plants that are included in the seed mixtures used for South Moravian vineyards.

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