Publication details

Strategie primární prevence

Title in English Primary prevention strategy

HRUBÁ Drahoslava

Year of publication 2014
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Medicína pro praxi
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Other medical specializations
Keywords morbidity; mortality; risk factors; promising prevention
Description Cardiovascular diseases, cancer, metabolic and chronic respiratory diseases are the leading causes of the premature deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) worldwide, especially in developed countries. All these diseases are determined by the same modifiable risk factors: (a) lifestyle (smoking, excessive alcohol use, physical inactivity); (b) poor nutrition (low intake of fruits and vegetables, high intake of salt and fat); (c) metabolic (hypertension, overweight/obesity, hypercholesterolemia). Also poor social relationships seems to be the comparable risk factor as smoking and hypertension. The effective interventions both on the individual and population wide levels, include regula¬tion, pricing and education, have the potential to reduce factors which short the life. The politicians, society, institutes, non-governmental organizations and every person are responsible for the improvement of public health and reduction of social disparities in life expectancy and mortality. The role of physicians and other health professionals in both primary and secondary prevention is unique and essential.

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