Publication details

Classification of strain CCM 4446T as Rhodococcus degradans sp. nov.

Authors

ŠVEC Pavel ČERNOHLÁVKOVÁ Jitka BUSSE Hans Jurgen VOJTKOVÁ Hana PANTŮČEK Roman CNOCKAERT Margo MAŠLAŇOVÁ Ivana KRÁLOVÁ Stanislava VANDAMME Peter SEDLÁČEK Ivo

Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web http://ijs.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.000584
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.000584
Field Microbiology, virology
Keywords Rhodococcus degradans sp. nov.; taxonomy; biodegradation
Description Strain CCM 4446T, with notable biodegradation capabilities, was investigated in this study in order to elucidate its taxonomic position. Chemotaxonomic analyses of quinones, polar lipids, mycolic acids, polyamines and the diamino acid of the cell-wall peptidoglycan corresponded with characteristics of the genus Rhodococcus. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, assigned strain CCM 4446T to the genus Rhodococcus and placed it in the Rhodococcus erythropolis 16S rRNA gene clade. Further analysis of catA and gyrB gene sequences, automated ribotyping with EcoRI restriction endonuclease, whole-cell protein profiling, DNA–DNA hybridization and extensive biotyping enabled differentiation of strain CCM 4446T from all phylogenetically closely related species, i.e., Rhodococcus baikonurensis, Rhodococcus qingshengii, Rhodococcus erythropolis and Rhodococcus globerulus. The results obtained show that the strain investigated represents a novel species within the genus Rhodococcus, for which the name Rhodococcus degradans sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is CCM 4446T (LMG 28633T).
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