Publication details

NKD1 marks intestinal and liver tumors linked to aberrant Wnt signaling

Authors

STANCIKOVA J KRAUSOVA M KOLAR M FAFÍLEK Bohumil SVEC J SEDLACEK R NEROLDOVA M DOBES J HORAZNA M JANECKOVA L VOJTECHOVA M OLIVERIUS M JIRSA Milan KORINEK V

Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Cellular Signalling
Citation
Web http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cellsig.2014.11.008
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cellsig.2014.11.008
Keywords Wnt signaling; NKD1; Intestine; Liver; Colorectal cancer; Hepatocellular carcinoma
Description The activity of the Wnt pathway undergoes complex regulation to ensure proper functioning of this principal signaling mechanism during development of adult tissues. The regulation may occur at several levels and includes both positive and negative feedback loops. In the present study we employed one of such negative feedback regulators, naked cuticle homolog 1 (Nkd1), to follow the Wnt pathway activity in the intestine and liver and in neoplasia originated in these organs. Using lineage tracing in transgenic mice we localized Nkd1 mRNA to the bottom parts of the small intestinal crypts and hepatocytes surrounding the central vein of the hepatic lobule. Furthermore, in two mouse models of intestinal tumorigenesis, Nkd1 expression levels were elevated in tumors when compared to healthy tissue. We utilized a collection of human intestinal polyps and carcinomas to confirm that NKD1 represents a robust marker of neoplastic growth. In addition, expression analysis of NKD1 in liver cancer showed that high expression levels of the gene distinguish a subclass of hepatocellular carcinomas related to aberrant Wnt signaling. Finally, our results were confirmed by bioinformatic analysis of large publicly available datasets that included gene expression profiling and high-throughput sequencing data of human colon and liver cancer specimens. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.