Publication details

Detection and analysis of morphotectonic features utilizing satellite remote sensing and GIS: an example in SW Jordan


RADAIDEH Omar Mohammad Ahmad GRASSEMANN Bernhard MELICHAR Rostislav MOSAR Jon

Year of publication 2016
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Geomorphology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Seismology, vulcanology, and Earth structure
Keywords Remonte senzing; Dead Sea; Dendritic; Hill-shade; ASTER-GDEM; Landsat 8; SW Jordan; Trellis.
Description This study investigates the dominant orientations of morphological features and the relationship between these trends and the spatial orientation of tectonic structures in SW Jordan. Landsat 8 and hill-shaded images, constructed from 30 m-resolution ASTER-GDEM data, were used for automatically extracting and mapping geological lineaments. ASTER-GDEM was further utilized to automatically identify and extract drainage network. Morphological features were analyzed by means of azimuth frequency and length density distributions. Tectonic controls on the land surface were evaluated using longitudinal profiles of many westerly flowing streams. The profiles were taken directly across the northerly trending faults within a strong topographic transition between the low-gradient uplands and the deeply incised mountain front on the east side of the Dead Sea Fault Zone. Streams of the area are widely divergent, and show numerous anomalies along their profiles when they transect faults and lineaments. Five types of drainage patterns were identified: dendritic, parallel, rectangular, trellis, and modified dendritic/trellis. Interpretation and analysis of the lineaments indicate the presence of four main lineament populations that trend ~E--W, ~N--S, NE--SW, and NW--SE. Azimuthal distribution analysis of both the measured structures and drainage channels shows similar trends, except for very few differences in the prevailing directions. The similarity in orientation of lineaments, drainage system, and subsurface structural trends highlights the degree of control exerted by underlying structure on the surface geomorphological features. Faults and lineaments serve as a preferential conduit for surface running waters. The extracted lineaments were divided into five populations based on the main age of host rocks outcropping in the study area to obtain information about the temporal evolution of the lineament trends through geologic time.

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