Publication details

Impaired Adrenergic/Protein Kinase A Response of Slow Delayed Rectifier Potassium Channels as a Long QT Syndrome Motif: Importance and Unknowns



Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Canadian Journal of Cardiology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Keywords Impaired Adrenergic/Protein Kinase
Description The slow delayed rectifier potassium current (I-Ks) significantly contributes to cardiac repolarization under specific conditions, particularly at stimulation by the protein kinase A (PKA) during increased sympathetic tone. Impaired PKA-mediated stimulation of I-Ks channels may considerably aggravate dysfunction of the channels induced by mutations in the KCNQ1 gene that encodes the structure of the alpha-subunit of I-Ks channels. These mutations are associated with several subtypes of inherited arrhythmias, mainly long QT syndrome type 1, less commonly short QT syndrome type 2, and atrial fibrillation. The impaired PKA reactivity of I-Ks channels may significantly increase the risk of arrhythmia in these patients. Unfortunately, only approximately 2.7% of the KCNQ1 variants identified as putatively clinically significant have been studied with respect to this problem. This review summarizes the current knowledge in the field to stress the importance of the PKA-mediated regulation of I-Ks channels, and to appeal for further analysis of this regulation in KCNQ1 mutations associated with inherited arrhythmogenic syndromes. On the basis of the facts summarized in our review, we suggest several new regions of the alpha-subunit of the I-Ks channels as potential contributors to PKA stimulation, namely the S4 and S5 segments, and the S2-S3 and S4-S5 linkers. Deeper knowledge of mechanisms of the impaired PKA response in mutated I-Ks channels may help to better understand this regulation, and may improve risk stratification and management of patients suffering from related pathologies.
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