Publication details

Chemoembolizace hepatocelulárního karcinomu – analýza výsledků léčby na základě dat z národních registrů

Title in English Chemoembolization for Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma – National Registry-Based Analysis
Authors

ROHAN Tomáš ANDRAŠINA Tomáš UHER Michal MATKULČÍK Peter ZAVADIL Jan STAŇKOVÁ Monika ČECHOVÁ Barbora JANDUROVÁ Lujza VÁLEK Vlastimil

Type Article in Proceedings
Conference XLIII. Brněnské onkologické dny XXXIII. Konference pro nelékařské zdravotnické pracovníky. Laboratorní diagnostika v onkologii 2019
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Keywords transarterial chemoembolization
Description To evaluate survival benefit in patient undergoing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by national registry data analysis and comparison of regions with unequal usage of interventional radiology procedures. Materials and methods: A total of 4,343 patients with primary diagnosis of HCC between 2010–2016 were extracted from the databases of The Czech National Cancer Registry. The analysis was supported by data from the National Registry of Paid Health Services and the Death Records Database. Primary treatment option was categorized as liver resection, ablation, TACE and chemotherapy. The regional data analysis provided information of interventional radiology procedures frequency for primary treatment of HCC. The 14 main regions were symmetrically divided to group with well-developed interventional radiology service and low-developed interventional radiology service according the frequency of stage adjusted interventional radiology procedure usage (< 15%, > 15%). Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression were used for survival and hazard ratios (HR) analyses. Results: Only 1,730 patients had assessed any primary treatment option, 16.5 % (285) were treated by TACE. Median of survival were significantly different in regions with well and low developed interventional radiology service for whole study population (13.2 vs. 6.5 months, p < 0.001), patients treated in regions with well-developed interventional radiology service had lower risk of death during treatment (HR 0.73; 0.66–0.81). The patient treated by TACE had median of survival 15.8 months (13.5–18.1), while the survival was not significantly different in region groups. Conclusion: The usage of anticancer therapies based on interventional radiology procedures is a huge factor influences the survival of HCC patient according population-based data. Studies gathering data from cancer register databases can provide further information on treatment effectiveness.
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