Publication details

A Routine Activity Approach to Understand Cybergrooming Victimization Among Adolescents from Six Countries

Authors

WACHS Sebastian MICHELSEN Anna WRIGHT Michelle GÁMEZ-GUADIX Manuel ALMENDROS Carmen KWON Yeji NA Eun-Yeong SITTICHAI Ruthaychonnee SINGH Ritu BISWAL Ramakrishna GÖRZIG Anke YANAGIDA Takuya

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Citation
Web https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/cyber.2019.0426
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2019.0426
Keywords cybergrooming;parental mediation; restrictive mediation; instructive mediation; cross-national research; cybervictimization; online disclosure
Description Little attention has been given academically to empirically tested theoretical frameworks that aim at measuring the risk of adolescents falling victim to cybergrooming. To this end, we have applied the routine activity theory (RAT) to investigate whether exposure to motivated offenders (PC/laptop ownership and Internet access in one's own bedroom), capable guardianship (parental mediation strategies of Internet use), and target suitability (adolescents' online disclosure of private information) might predict cybergrooming victimization among adolescents. Using data from a cross-sectional survey of 5,938 adolescents from Germany, India, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, and the United States, ranging in age from 12 to 18 (M=14.77, SD=1.60), we found that PC/laptop ownership and Internet access in one's own bedroom, parental mediation, and online disclosure are all directly associated with cybergrooming victimization. Although instructive parental mediation is negatively related to online disclosure and cybergrooming victimization, restrictive mediation is positively related to both. In addition, online disclosure partially mediated the relationship between parental mediation and cybergrooming victimization. The analyses confirm the effectiveness of applying RAT to cybergrooming. Moreover, this study highlights the need for prevention programs, including lessons on age-appropriate information and communication technology usage and access, to educate parents on using instructive strategies of Internet mediation, and inform adolescents about how to avoid disclosing too much private information online. RAT could function as a theoretical framework for these programs.