Publication details

Real wounding capability and function of lithic projectiles at the end of Eneolithic and the threshold of the Bronze Age

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Year of publication 2019
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description Lithic projectiles form important sort of archaeological findings in short period of the Late Eneolithic and Early Bronze Age in Europe. Their social role were not clarified yet, they were assumed as hunting, warrior or symbolic weapons. Typological or morphometric sorting have not brought new information related to their social role, mode and impact of their use. 3D analysis of their function were not reflected up to date. Multifocal experimental testing of ballistic impact of their specific designing is based on 2D and 3D documentation both the projectiles themselves, and the wounding canals, measurement of initial and impact velocity and energy, and comparison of projectile behaviour in dependence on archer and used bow. A total of 260 shots were analysed. Identified preferences of ballistic designing of studied projectiles correspond to exclusively practical warrior goals of their use. Results of others, namely use-wear analyses and experiments proved these projectiles played key role in the processes of vertical social stratification on the threshold of the Bronze Age.
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