Publication details

"WHEN MEN MOVED ACROSS THE WORLD FOR A PIECE OF BREAD ..." EMIGRATION OF THE RUSYNS-UKRAINIANS FROM THE NORTHEASTERN SLOVAKIA IN THE YEARS 1870 - 1940

Authors

ŠMIGEĽ Michal TIŠLIAR Pavol

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source SKHIDNOIEVROPEISKYI ISTORYCHNYI VISNYK-EAST EUROPEAN HISTORICAL BULLETIN
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Web http://eehb.dspu.edu.ua/article/view/226564/227281
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.24919/2519-058X.18.226564
Keywords Rusyns and Ukrainians in Slovakia; migration; population development; population climate; demographic processes; population of Slovakia; emigration from Slovakia
Description The aim of the research is to define causes and impulses of Rusyns-Ukrainians migration flows from the territory of (today's) Slovakia in 1870 - 1940 and review the dimensions of their emigration in relation to population development. It also depicts the formation of the population climate in the overall context of emigration waves from Slovakia and Transcarpathia, as well as government migration and population policy. The research methodology is based on the principles of historicism, scientific verification, the author's objectivity moderated narrative constructivism and use of the specially-historical (statistical, historical-typological, historical-systemic, etc.) and general scientific (analysis, synthesis, generalization) methods. The scientific novelty. The issue of migration flows of the population of Slovakia, mainly the issue of migration of Rusyns and Ukrainians since the 1870s and in the first half of the 20th century, is a relatively broad and still open topic. While many historical works are dedicated to the emigration of Slovaks, it does not go for the issue of emigration of Rusyns and Ukrainians from Slovakia. Conclusions. The emigration (permanent or temporary) of Rusyns-Ukrainians from Slovakia had divided families and reduced the settlement area of the minority in many cases and Rusyns-Ukrainians in Slovakia still feel its consequences. Moving of thousands of economically active people for work abroad from the economically backward region in the last thin, of the 19th- early 20th century and during the interwar years 1920s - 1930s meant that the population of Rusyns and Ukrainians in Slovakia stagnated due to migration. At the end of the 1930s, it even had statistically declining character because of political tension.

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