Publication details

Tuneable in-situ nanoCT workflow using FIB/SEM



Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Ultramicroscopy
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords Computed tomography; electron microscope; X-ray absorption; Timepix detector; radiograph; 3D reconstruction
Description Inspired by the standard computed tomography, a new method of 3D X-ray imaging embedded in FIB-SEM microscope is proposed. The unique combination of TEM-like specimen stage enabling in lens STEM detection (referred to as CompuStage), nanomanipulator (referred to as EasyLift) facilitating in-situ sample transfer from bulk sample to TEM-like stage and pixelated in-situ Timepix X-ray detector in Helios G4 FX FIB-SEM system offers an unprecedented workflow. Motivated by common circular CT scan known from microCT world, the object under study is placed on CompuStage rod which enables two possible rotation (in TEM/SEM terminology called tilt) movements – ?-tilt – rotation of the CompuStage rod around its axis, and ß-tilt – rotation around axis perpendicular to CompuStage rod. ß-tilt rotation enables a circular movement of the sample while ?-tilt sets the correct position of sample with respect to target and detector. Thin metal lamella of suitable material welded to EasyLift manipulator needle is used as an X-ray target. The final target-sample geometry – position, distance – can be fine-tuned using position control of CompuStage and EasyLift and in-situ monitored by SEM. Both sample and target can also be easily prepared in-situ. Radiographs are recorded by Timepix detector with inherent noise-free operation and energy filtration. For the 3D reconstruction standard microCT reconstruction algorithm is used with the procedure adjusted for the format and quality of nanoCT images. The experiments were carried out on Helios G4 FX DualBeam using titanium and tungsten targets and various semiconductor samples. The ultimate resolution of the proposed method in orders of tens of nanometers was achieved both by the possibility of close target to sample positioning and of adjustment of primary beam energy down to low energies reducing the interaction volume in the target. Since the lower energy radiation is well suited for life-science, the method was also tested on several bio-samples using silver target. The silver target, thanks to its massive low energy L? line, allowed to distinguish subtle structures in the resin embedded stained mouse brain and also to observe and reconstruct canaliculi in the mouse bone (earlier reported by Dierolf et al. 2010, Nature 467 436).

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